An Interview with ChatGPT on the State of Texas Health Care

THA sat down with the popular AI chatbot to get its take on the most pressing issues facing Texas hospitals today.


In November 2022, OpenAI – an artificial intelligence (AI) and research company – released ChatGPT for the public’s use. Since then, there has been rapid adoption of this novel technology, which can write essays, lists, code and so much more with a simple text prompt.

We’re curious to know what this AI chatbot thinks of Texas hospitals, the state of health care in Texas and if it has any suggestions to improve health care delivery in the Lone Star State. Currently, AI does not have real-time data or the ability to provide updates on current events, so we could not ask questions specific to the 2023 legislative session in Texas. Please note, ChatGPT’s responses are not a reflection of THA’s opinions and can produce inaccurate information.

Here is a transcript of our conversation, which was generated in ChatGPT-4.

Note: All images included within this article were generated by DALL-E, a related OpenAI program that generates images from a text prompt. The text prompt will appear in photo captions.

THA: What was the financial state of Texas hospitals after the pandemic?

<em>An expressive oil painting of a rural hospital in Texas during the COVID 19 pandemic<em>

ChatGPT: During the COVID-19 pandemic, hospitals and health care systems across the globe faced financial strain. Revenue dropped significantly as hospitals postponed or canceled elective procedures to save resources for COVID-19 patients. Meanwhile, costs skyrocketed due to the need for personal protective equipment (PPE), increased staffing, and other pandemic-related expenses.

Hospitals in Texas, like those in other parts of the United States, experienced similar pressures. In some cases, hospitals received federal aid through the CARES Act and other legislation, which helped offset some of the losses. Yet, these funds might not have fully covered the increased costs and lost revenues hospitals experienced during the pandemic.

The long-term financial impact of the pandemic on hospitals in Texas or any other region will depend on several factors. These factors include how quickly hospitals could resume non-emergency procedures, the speed and success of vaccination campaigns, the possibility of subsequent waves of COVID-19 or other pandemics, changes in health care policy and funding, and broader trends in the healthcare industry and economy.

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THA: Were hospitals enriched from the COVID-19 pandemic?

ChatGPT: It is not accurate to say that hospitals were generally “enriched” because of the pandemic. Here are some key points to consider:

<em>A photo of a hospital that was recently closed<em>
  1. Increased Costs: Hospitals faced increased costs due to the need for additional medical equipment, personal protective equipment (PPE), and infrastructure modifications to handle the surge in COVID-19 patients. These expenses strained the financial resources of many healthcare facilities.
  2. Canceled Procedures: To prepare for COVID-19 patients and minimize the spread of the virus, hospitals had to postpone or cancel elective procedures and non-urgent medical appointments. These procedures often contribute to hospitals’ revenue, and the cancellations led to financial losses.
  3. Increased Workload: The pandemic placed a significant burden on healthcare workers, with increased patient volumes, longer working hours, and additional stress. Hospitals had to allocate resources to manage the influx of COVID-19 patients, potentially leading to burnout among staff.
  4. Financial Impact: While some hospitals experienced an increase in revenue due to the higher demand for COVID-19-related care, this was not necessarily a net gain. The costs associated with treating COVID-19 patients often outweighed the additional revenue generated. Additionally, many hospitals had to provide care to uninsured or underinsured individuals, further impacting their finances.
  5. Government Support: Governments worldwide provided financial assistance to hospitals and healthcare systems to help mitigate the financial strains caused by the pandemic. However, this assistance aimed to address the increased costs and revenue losses rather than enrich hospitals.

THA: Right now, what are the top three biggest issues in the Texas health care industry?


<em>A painting of a teaching hospital in Texas<em>
  1. Access to healthcare: Texas faced challenges in ensuring adequate access to healthcare services for its population. The state had a significant number of uninsured individuals, making it difficult for them to afford and receive necessary medical care. This issue was further compounded by the geographical distribution of healthcare providers, with rural areas experiencing shortages of healthcare professionals.
  2. Rural healthcare disparities: Rural areas in Texas often struggled with limited healthcare resources and infrastructure compared to urban areas. These disparities led to reduced access to specialized medical services, longer travel times, and challenges in attracting healthcare professionals to practice in rural communities. As a result, residents of rural areas faced difficulties in receiving timely and quality healthcare.
  3. Medicaid expansion: Texas had not expanded its Medicaid program under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), which left a significant portion of low-income adults without access to affordable health insurance coverage. The decision not to expand Medicaid created a coverage gap, where individuals earning too much to qualify for traditional Medicaid but too little to qualify for subsidized health insurance through the ACA marketplace faced challenges in accessing affordable healthcare.

THA: What should be done to address the workforce shortage in Texas hospitals?

ChatGPT: To address the workforce shortage in Texas hospitals, several strategies can be implemented:

<em>A painting of a happy diverse nursing workforce<em>
  1. Increase funding for healthcare education: Allocate additional resources to support the expansion of healthcare education programs, including nursing, medical, and allied health professions. This can involve increasing funding for scholarships, loan repayment programs, and grants to attract more students to healthcare fields.
  2. Develop partnerships with educational institutions: Collaborate with colleges, universities, and vocational schools to establish and expand healthcare training programs. By working closely with these institutions, hospitals can ensure that their workforce needs align with the education and training provided.
  3. Enhance recruitment efforts: Develop robust recruitment strategies to attract healthcare professionals to Texas. This can involve offering competitive salaries and benefits packages, providing signing bonuses or relocation assistance, and implementing targeted marketing campaigns to highlight the benefits of working in Texas hospitals.
  4. Improve retention strategies: Implement initiatives to improve job satisfaction and retention rates among healthcare professionals. This can include offering career development opportunities, creating mentorship programs, and providing support for work-life balance.
  5. Expand advanced practice roles: Maximize the utilization of advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs), physician assistants (PAs), and other mid-level providers. Granting these healthcare professionals broader scopes of practice can help alleviate some of the burden on physicians and enhance the efficiency of healthcare delivery.
  6. Foster partnerships with community colleges and vocational schools: Collaborate with community colleges and vocational schools to develop training programs for healthcare support roles such as medical assistants, phlebotomists, and medical technicians. This can create career pathways for individuals interested in healthcare and help address shortages in these critical roles.
  7. Encourage workforce diversity: Promote diversity and inclusivity in the healthcare workforce by implementing initiatives to attract and retain individuals from underrepresented backgrounds. This can involve targeted recruitment efforts, mentoring programs, and creating supportive work environments.
  8. Support telemedicine and telehealth: Expand telemedicine and telehealth services to improve access to care and allow healthcare professionals to serve patients remotely. This can help alleviate workforce shortages in rural areas and enhance efficiency by enabling healthcare professionals to provide virtual consultations and follow-up care.
  9. Advocate for policy changes: Advocate for policy changes at the state level to remove barriers to practice for healthcare professionals, such as removing unnecessary regulations and expanding the authority of certain roles. This can help increase the supply of healthcare professionals and address workforce shortages.

THA: What are your top three suggestions to improve health care delivery in Texas?

ChatGPT: Improving healthcare delivery in Texas requires a comprehensive approach that addresses various aspects of the healthcare system. Here are some suggestions to consider:

<em>A doctor using telehealth in the style of vaporwave<em>
  1. Expand Access to Healthcare: Texas has a large population, and improving access to healthcare services is crucial. Some ways to achieve this include:
    • Medicaid Expansion: Expanding Medicaid eligibility under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) can help provide coverage to more low-income individuals and families. This would increase access to primary care, preventive services, and reduce the burden of uncompensated care on healthcare providers.
    • Telemedicine and Telehealth: Promote and expand telemedicine and telehealth services, particularly in rural and underserved areas. This would enable patients to access healthcare remotely, improving access to specialized care and reducing travel barriers.
  2. Address Health Workforce Shortages: Texas faces shortages in various healthcare professions, including primary care physicians, nurses, and mental health providers. To address this issue:
    • Incentives and Loan Forgiveness Programs: Offer financial incentives, such as loan forgiveness programs and scholarships, to healthcare professionals who commit to working in underserved areas or high-need specialties.
    • Telehealth Expansion: Utilize telehealth to leverage the expertise of healthcare professionals in other regions, providing virtual consultations and expanding the reach of specialists in underserved areas.
  3. Enhance Health Information Exchange (HIE) and Interoperability: Efficient and secure sharing of health information among healthcare providers is crucial for coordinated and patient-centered care. Consider the following measures:
    • Standardize Health IT Systems: Encourage the adoption of interoperable electronic health records (EHRs) and health information exchange systems. Promote the use of standards that allow seamless data sharing and communication between different healthcare providers and systems.
    • Privacy and Security Measures: Strengthen data privacy and security regulations to ensure patient information remains protected while allowing for appropriate data sharing for care coordination and population health management.

THA: This is all very useful. What organizations should health care professionals and leaders follow for the latest legislative updates impacting Texas hospitals?

ChatGPT: The Texas Hospital Association (THA), the Texas Medical Association (TMA), Texas Health and Human Services Commission (HHSC), Texas Legislature Online, Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS). By following these organizations, healthcare professionals and leaders can stay informed about the latest legislative updates impacting Texas hospitals and make informed decisions based on the evolving healthcare landscape in the state.